Clean Energy threatened by lockdown of critical minerals supply

Clean energy technologies depend on the reliable and growing supply of critical minerals and metals, far more so than the old fossil fuel world. An EV uses five times the quantity needed by a conventional car, and an onshore wind plant requires eight times that of a gas-fired plant of the same capacity. Hence, electric transport and grid storage are now the largest consumers of lithium and cobalt. Examples of rising consumption abound for other materials like copper and nickel. But the Covid lockdown has hit investment in maintaining and expanding supply, creating an obstacle to a clean energy rebound as well as any ambitious roll outs of Green stimuli. This comes on top of the existing problem with the geographical concentration of supply and processing and the geopolitical hazards that go with it. Tae-Yoon Kim and Milosz Karpinski at the IEA run through the challenges, breaking it down by mineral/metal, technology and nation. They end with their recommendations to governments and companies to promote security of supply. Such is its importance that the IEA has decided to step up its analysis of the security of mineral supplies to add to its traditional mandates covering oil, gas and electricity security.

Minerals have played a critical role in the rise of many of the clean energy technologies that are widely used today – from wind turbines and solar panels to electric vehicles. But ensuring that these and other key technologies can draw on sufficient mineral supplies to support the acceleration of energy transitions around the world is a significant and under-analysed global challenge.

Lithium, cobalt and nickel give batteries greater charging performance and higher energy density. Copper is essential for the increasing use of electricity throughout energy systems thanks to its unmatched ability to conduct electric currents. And some rare earth elements such as neodymium make powerful magnets that are vital for wind turbines and electric vehicles.

Mining lockdown

As the Covid-19 pandemic has pushed many countries into some form of lockdown and hit mining operations across the globe, the risks around clean energy supply chains, including those of minerals, have come into sharper focus.

Peru’s copper-mining activities, which are responsible for 12% of global production, ground to a halt because of the country’s confinement measures. South Africa’s lockdown disrupted 75% of the global output of platinum, a key material in many clean energy technologies and emissions control devices, although the country later allowed mines to operate at 50% capacity. Although prices for many important minerals have fallen as global demand has slumped, recent developments have highlighted a number of reasons why the world should not take secure supplies for granted.

Rising clean energy deployment will supercharge demand for critical minerals

Clean energy technologies generally require more minerals than fossil fuel-based counterparts. An electric car uses five times as much minerals as a conventional car and an onshore wind plant requires eight times as much minerals as a gas-fired plant of the same capacity.

Even in fossil fuel-based technologies, achieving higher efficiency and lower emissions relies on the extensive use of minerals. For example, the most efficient coal-fired power plants require a lot more nickel than the least efficient ones in order to allow for higher combustion temperatures.

As deployment of clean energy technologies picks up, demand for critical minerals is set to grow significantly. For some minerals, energy transitions are already the major driving force for demand growth. Since 2015, electric transport and grid storage have quickly become the largest consumers of lithium, together accounting for 35% of total demand today. Likewise, the share of these applications in cobalt demand has risen from 5% to almost 25% over the same period.

Rising prices, volatility

Such rapid growth has put strains on supply, as witnessed by the five-fold increase in cobalt prices between 2016 and early 2018. Although supply has responded, the volatility of prices in recent years has been a wake-up call for companies and governments in terms of the importance of reliable mineral supplies for clean energy transitions.

Geographical concentration of supply and processing means geopolitical hazards

The idea of energy geopolitics is typically associated with oil and gas. By contrast, solar, wind and other clean energy technologies are often seen as immune from such risks. But there are geopolitical hazards associated with the production of many minerals that are essential for energy transitions.

The production of many minerals that are central to energy transitions is more geographically concentrated than that of oil or natural gas. For lithium, cobalt and various rare earths, the top three producers control well over three-quarters of global output. In some cases, a single country is responsible for around half of worldwide production.

The concentration of refining operations is also high, with China alone accounting for some 50% to 70% of global lithium and cobalt refining. China also holds a dominant position along the entire rare earths value chain. It is responsible for 85% to 90% of the processing operations that convert mined rare earths into metals and magnets1.

This creates a source of concern for companies that produce solar panels, wind turbines and batteries using imported minerals, as their supply chains can quickly be affected by regulatory changes, trade restrictions – or even political instability in a small number of countries.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), for example, nearly tripled the royalty rate on cobalt in 2018 by classifying it as a “strategic” substance. Indonesia banned nickel ore exports starting this year. And China’s attempt to limit rare earths exports in 2010 had significant repercussions on the market. Geopolitics will therefore remain a wild card even in an electrified, renewable-rich energy world.

Concerns over ethical mining practices

In addition, current extraction practices in some cases are inefficient, unsafe, polluting and subject to social protests. Some 20% of cobalt production in the DRC relies on “artisanal” miners who extract minerals with rudimentary tools in hazardous conditions2. Rare earth processing involves large amounts of harmful chemicals and produces high volumes of solid waste and wastewater, which are not always appropriately handled. These pose additional challenges for stable sourcing of minerals amid growing social and environmental concerns.

Covid lockdown: Delayed or curtailed investments in minerals supply

Over the past few weeks, many companies have delayed or slashed their budgets for planned investments as a result of a prolonged crisis and low prices. Early data suggest that new project approvals are slowing and that annual exploration budgets are likely to fall by 30% compared with 2019, which will have longer-term implications for supply3. These spending cuts are disproportionately affecting new mines or new entrants to the market, limiting the scope for buyers to diversify sources of supply or localise supply chains.

The impacts of investment cuts vary by mineral. But some, especially copper and nickel, could soon feel strains when demand recovers. Demand and supply of copper and nickel were delicately balanced before the pandemic, and there were expectations that supply imbalances might emerge in the coming years.

Could shortages cause problems for Green stimulus plans?

Short-term pressures have weakened with the contraction in demand caused by the Covid-19 crisis. But both minerals could see demand grow rapidly as the world emerges from the crisis and boosts efforts to accelerate energy transitions, especially if many governments put renewables and batteries at the heart of their economic stimulus packages. Given that many of the copper and nickel mines operating today are near their peak production stage, there is a need to ensure adequate investment in new mines to meet rising demand for copper and nickel as well as other minerals that are produced as by-products.

Key challenges around supply of selected minerals

A renewed focus on mineral supplies is vital for accelerated energy transitions

As the deployment of clean energy technologies accelerates, most of their cost elements are likely to fall further, benefitting from technology learning and economies of scale. However, costs for minerals may well move in a different direction if investments fail to keep up with demand growth, sending ripples along the entire supply chain.

These issues should be put in context. An oil supply crisis has broad repercussions for all vehicles that run on it. A shortage or price spike of a mineral required for producing batteries affects only the supply of new battery-powered vehicles to the market, not the operation of every electric vehicle on the road. However, there is a risk that price volatility for minerals could delay clean technology deployment in many areas – a possibility the world can ill afford, given the urgency of reducing emissions.

There are a number of actions that governments and companies can take to promote security of mineral supplies:

  • Conduct periodic assessments of the demand and supply prospects for critical minerals to inform strategies aimed at ensuring security of supply. The strategies could also incorporate lessons from traditional energy security frameworks while acknowledging the unique nature of mineral resources, which require additional approaches to limit the impact of supply disruptions (e.g. long-term contracts and strategic partnerships).
  • Ensure timely investment in new mines, especially for those where current spending levels are not sufficient to cover projected long-term demand. This would require strong policy signals about the speed of energy transitions and the deployment of key technologies.
  • Importing countries need to strengthen the management of end-of-life products and components to promote recycling or retrieval of valuable minerals. This should happen well before solar panels, wind turbines and batteries approach the end of their lifetimes and cause waste volumes to grow exponentially. Stepping up research and development efforts and deploying results at large scale in recycling, substitution and material efficiency would also bring substantial environmental and security benefits.4
  • Countries producing minerals need to ensure that their resources are developed in a responsible and environmentally friendly manner. Mining companies can be part of the solution for combating climate change by putting in place stringent emissions targets.

In light of the critical importance of minerals for enabling a sustainable energy future, the IEA is stepping up its analysis of the security of mineral supplies to complement its traditional mandates covering oil, gas and electricity security. As a next step, the complex links between energy and minerals will be explored in detail in the World Energy Outlook. The energy sector is changing quickly: as energy transitions move higher up government agendas, policy makers need to be ready for new conversations about energy resources and energy security.

***

Tae-Yoon Kim is a WEO Energy Analyst at the IEA

Milosz Karpinski is an Energy Analyst at the IEA

 

Source: https://energypost.eu/clean-energy-threatened-by-lockdown-of-critical-minerals-supply/

Flammable & Toxic Gas Dispersion evaluation

 

ADH Risk Ltd, has created and developed its own gas dispersion Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to provide and deliver physically accurate and costs effective gas dispersion analysis services to its clients. SRAUTAS CFD by ADH Risk Ltd has been used for over a decade for safety, environmental and security impact scenario analysis and support.

SRAUTAS CFD dispersion model has been used and validated against urban and industrial dispersion experimental test data as well as other software codes including integral models. SRAUTAS CFD can and has been used to help industrial companies and organisations analysis and understand their MAH scenarios and confirm whether their gas detector sensors or arrays are located in acceptable locations for protecting people from flammable, toxic, chemical, biological and radiological threats onsite and offsite.

SRAUTAS CFD can also be used to determine alternative risk reduction measures and safeguards, whether it be for Fire and Gas (F&G) mapping, or implementing baffle, turbulence or redirecting/mitigation devices etc.

 

Flamable gas dispersion      Explosive gas dispersion   gas dispersion

More about SRAUTAS CDF read here.

 

HAZOP, LOPA & SIL – training program for 2020

HAZOP, LOPA & SIL

Reducing Risks

From Design to Operation

 

Delivery Type:                   In-Company, Open Course Classroom, or Live Interactive Online Training.

Course Duration:             Approx. sixteen (16) contact hours, which can be delivered in two (2) ways:

  • Over two (2) days for face-to-face classroom training; or
  • Over four (4) x half day sessions (4 hours each) for live interactive online training.

No. of Delegates:            Up to 20 Delegates (Maximum) to preserve trainer-delegate interaction.

Trainer:                                 Dr. Andrew Hallgarth. English language.

Trainer:                                 Mr. Mindaugas Ažusienis. Russian language.

Important Note:               Presented here is a Provisional Detailed Syllabus. This syllabus can be potentially adapted and tailored to a target industry, organisation or specific process, if required and requested by the client.

Key Benefits of Attending:

 

  • GAIN KNOWLEDGE about Process Safety and HAZOP, LOPA & SIL methodologies and associated studies.

 

  • DISCOVER & LEARN when and how HAZOP, LOPA & SIL studies should be employed in relation the process or plant’s lifecycle between design and operational stages.

 

  • IMPLEMENT & OPTIMISE HAZOP, LOPA and SIL studies as an integral part of your organisation’s risk management system at different lifecycle stages.

 

  • ADOPT effective control measures to eliminate or minimise significant risks using HAZOPs, LOPAs and SIL methodologies.

 

  • SUPERCHARGE your own understanding and development of Process Safety and HAZOP, LOPA and SIL methodologies whilst benefiting your organisations’ safety and operational knowledge base.

 

Who Should Attend and Target Industries?

This training course is suitable to anyone who has a responsibility relating to management, operation, commissioning, design, maintenance which would have a health, safety and environmental, financial and business impact. Typical people who should attend this course include, but not limited, to:

 

  • HSE, Plant & Facility Managers and Engineers.
  • Process Engineers and Chemists.
  • Maintenance & Commissioning Managers and Engineers.
  • Instrumentation, Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.
  • Designer, Project, Planners Managers and Engineers.
  • Loss Prevention & Risk Management Processionals.
  • Emergency Planning & Major Incident Investigation Personnel.
  • Regulatory Personnel.

MORE ABOUT TRAINING

 

 

COVID-19. EU Recovery Package mustn’t sideline Green R&D.

EC releases its COVID-19 Recovery package and Multiannual Financial Framework. The Green Deal and net-zero ambitions are expected to be a substantial part of it. Eleonora Moro and Léa Pilsner at E3G draw attention to Research & Innovation (R&I, or R&D), often in danger of being seen as a luxury in times of crisis because the big wins are not immediate. Already, the EU could do much better. Looking at R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP the EU (2.06%) continues to trail behind all its peers: Japan (3.2%), USA (2.78%) and China (2.13%). But, as the authors explain, productivity and competitiveness are tightly bound to R&I. A slip today will cost the EU in the future. Regarding this sector, greater levels of energy independence and cost savings will be among the big-picture rewards. And a culture that supports innovation in their businesses can make them more resilient to economic crises. The authors conclude with recommendations, including support for collaboration, private R&I, scale-up, and narrowing the innovation gap seen in southern and eastern Europe.

Research and innovation (R&I) is critically important to addressing global challenges. The on-going COVID-19 pandemic makes this abundantly clear. For months now, research to develop vaccines and treatments to combat the virus, as well as innovative solutions to maximise the construction, deployment and distribution of life-saving medical equipment and personal protective equipment have dominated news headlines. As public attention in Europe turns to economic recovery, R&I will continue to be key.

On Wednesday 27 May the European Commission is expected to release its COVID-19 Recovery package and Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF). The plan, to support the EU’s COVID-19 recovery as well as climate neutrality over the next seven years, is expected to amount to at least €1 trillion. If EU recovery is to be sustainable, resilient and fair the package must provide targeted support for green R&I.

A Green R&I stimulus

Green R&I – research and innovation in tech, products and processes for accelerated decarbonisation – can offer the necessary short-term stimulus to recover from the pandemic-induced recession. At the same time green R&I can help build an economy aligned with the European Green Deal’s climate neutrality objective.

Measures such as retrofitting buildings, developing clean infrastructure, and investing in natural capital have both positive economic and climate benefits, and innovation can aid in deploying such measures at the necessary scale.

Beyond short-term recovery needs, green R&I also has the potential to increase the productivity and competitiveness of the EU economy, putting Europe at the forefront of future growth. In fact, according to some studies, historically R&I is estimated to have contributed up to two-thirds of economic growth in the EU.

Green R&I can build resilience to future shocks and improve citizens’ daily lives. At the individual level, innovation in clean technology builds resilience to crises. For example, installing renewable energy and energy efficiency in households enables greater levels of energy independence and cost savings.  At the business level, innovative companies have survived previous economic crises better than others.

R&I is at risk from the economic crisis

Despite the numerous economic, social and environmental opportunities offered by an innovative green recovery for Europe, the R&I sector is still at risk from the COVID-19 induced economic crisis.

Funding constraints threaten a full generation of innovative green enterprises. Small innovative enterprises and start-ups are particularly threatened, as they have fewer internal resources and greater obstacles in accessing credit.  Even in larger firms, R&I activities tend to be cut or delayed during crises due to falls in demand and economic uncertainty.

Constrained public finances similarly risk halting green R&I activities. Many European countries struggled to maintain public research spending in the years following the 2008 financial crisis, especially once debt consolidation policies dried up public coffers. With the EU already trailing behind its competitors, including the United States and China in R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (see Figure 1 below), this must be avoided today.

SOURCE: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/R_%26_D_expenditure

Regional innovation gap

In addition, the fundamentally different macroeconomic situations across European member states mean countries such as Germany and the Netherlands have much more fiscal space to maintain R&I spending than other countries. The discrepancy risks widening the existing ‘innovation gap’ between Northern/Southern and Eastern/Western European countries (see Figure 2 below).

SOURCE: https://interactivetool.eu/EIS/EIS_2.html#a

What can the EU do?..

The upcoming MFF and recovery plan gives the EU the chance to ensure green R&I opportunities are seized while avoiding costly risks.

1] Target green R&I boost in Europe

Green R&I breakthroughs and incremental improvements require reliable and continuous funding. The EU can ensure research continuity through Horizon Europe, supporting research programmes and ensuring budgets are not cut in the upcoming MFF. The EU should continue to facilitate EU-wide and global research collaboration, maintaining already established international networks.

Initiatives to pool patents would allow research to build on previous breakthroughs, enabling a more dynamic R&I ecosystem in Europe.  On innovation, the EU can support scaling up and commercialising innovative clean technology and green SMEs through the European Innovation Council.

2] Incentivise private green R&I investment

Both EU-wide and national R&I policies and funding priorities should ensure private investment is leveraged towards green R&I. Although public funding provides a relatively minor proportion, roughly 30% of EU R&I investment, it has the potential to catalyse private investment.

EU policies and investments can leverage private funding by providing a strong market signal that green R&I is an EU priority. In addition, policies de-risking investment in breakthrough and incremental innovation; developing and demonstrating replicable practices; and pooling resources to achieve economies of scale would incentivise private investment.

3] Encourage deeper EU and national alignment on green R&I

The COVID-19 pandemic shows the importance of decisive action in co-ordinating efforts across countries and sectors towards a common objective. EU policies can act as a guideline for greater coherence across national and EU agendas.

The SET-Plan is an EU programme aiming at the joint development of low carbon energy technologies. It offers an opportunity to co-ordinate EU, national and private R&I, and could have even greater impact if funding were to be attached to it.

4] Narrow the European innovation gap

To maximise EU R&I potential, the EU should more systematically facilitate investment in green R&I projects in Southern and Eastern European countries and include these countries in EU-wide innovative value chains. Mobilising all member states in this way will contribute to the EU becoming a stronger global R&I actor.

Narrowing the European innovation gap will increase EU competitiveness, while expanding cohesion and enabling more member states to become innovation leaders.  Flagging second-best projects that do not win Horizon Europe funding but are deemed viable and valuable through a certification scheme could further aid in steering private investment.

Eleonora Moro is a researcher at E3G

Léa Pilsner is a researcher at E3G

Source: https://energypost.eu/eu-recovery-package-mustnt-sideline-green-rd/

Construction of the Gas Interconnection Poland-Lithuania (GIPL) including supporting infrastructure

The Action contributes to the implementation of the Project of Common Interest (PCI) 8.5 Poland-Lithuania interconnection, currently known as GIPL.

The objective of the Action is to establish a physical interconnection between the Polish and Lithuanian gas transmission systems. The Action consists of the construction of the GIPL pipeline and its supporting infrastructure. GIPL includes, on the Polish side, a gas pipeline between Hołowczyce and the PL-LT border (approx. range between 310 and 357 km, DN 700) and on the Lithuanian side a gas pipeline between the PL-LT border and Jauniunai (approx. 177 km, DN 700). The supporting infrastructure includes the construction of a new compressor station in Gustorzyn in Poland, the extension, modernization of the pipeline to the Hołowczyce node, the extension of the Hołowczyce compressor station, as well as the construction of gas pressure reduction and metering station(s) located near the PL-LT border in Lithuania.

The implementation of GIPL will constitute an important element of expansion of the BEMIP gas network, connecting the isolated Baltic States to the EU gas market.

Furthermore, GIPL will open the way to new sources and routes of gas supplies, significantly enhancing the competitiveness and strengthening the liberalisation of the gas market in the Baltic countries.

Additional information:

European Commission, DG ENER
http://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/infrastructure

Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER)
http://www.acer.europa.eu/

European Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas (ENTSOG)
http://www.entsog.eu/

 

LogiMAT 2019 – Intralogistics Solutions and Process Management

LogiMAT 2019 – 17th International Trade Fair for
Intralogistics Solutions and Process Management

19-21 February 2019

LogiMAT, the International Trade Fair for Intralogistics Solutions and Process Management, sets new standards as the biggest annual intralogistics exhibition in Europe. This is the leading international trade fair that provides a comprehensive market overview and competent knowledge-transfer.

 

How can companies best manage the raw material of the future – “data” – efficiently and securely?

How can interfaces between operatives, production resources and intelligent robot assistants be defined, in order to optimise the workplace?

How can virtual reality help in making key decisions on future investment?

The technologies needed for intralogistics solutions and process management are in focus at LogiMAT.

 

Between 19 and 21 February 2019 international exhibitors and decision-makers from industry, trade and the service sector will be coming together at the exhibition centre at Stuttgart Airport to find new business partners. The focus will be on innovative products, solutions and systems for procurement, warehouse, production and distribution logistics.

Expansion of the Tablet PC Portfolio for Hazardous Areas

The extremely robust devices are splashproof and can withstand extreme temperatures. Equipped with a display that is readable in direct sunlight and a powerful quad-core processor, they allow for fast work with the latest applications, offer numerous configuration options for corporate use and have an extremely long standby time. This can be extended even further by the replaceable battery, which ensures uninterrupted field work. In addition, the devices have NFC, Bluetooth 3.0 and two powerful cameras. The Lumen X4 may also be also equipped with an optional high-performance scanner for bar code scanning with a 1D/2D imager or for the detection of RFID HF tags.

World Congress on Petroleum Processing, Petrochemistry and Chemical Engineering

Theme: Straddling the gap between miles & milestone

Conference Series seeks your gracious presence at this colossal congregation of the world of Chemical Sciences at the “World Congress on Petroleum Processing, Petrochemistry and Chemical Engineering’’ during November 09-10, 2018, at Birmingham, Alabama, USA. Petroleum Processing 2018 is being organized with the theme of: Straddling the gap between miles & milestone.

Petroleum Processing 2018 assures its attendees of a platform, perfect for the exchange and sharing of invaluable knowledge, research findings and experiences that can happen with clarity as that of a crystal. Basics-new & old, emerging technologies, their “know-hows” and their impact on the present scenario of the Petroleum industries are some of the few knowledges that can be noted under the “to-be-gained-in-conference” list. Explore & Experience the words and beyond the lines from the notable speakers’ presentations, exhibition desks and posters-all related to the minutes of the concerned fields of the colloquium.

The conference is going to include prompt Keynote presentations, Oral talks, Poster presentations, Workshops, Symposiums and Exhibitions.

Petroleum refineries generally converts much of the barrel of crude oil into transportation fuels which is economically practical. Refineries produce many profitable products such as the transportation fuel gasoline, turbine (jet) fuels, diesel and the light heating oils. These are counted as the high-volume profitable products of refineries. Petroleum refining begins with distillation or fractionation of crude oils into separate hydrocarbon groups. The characteristics of the crude oil reflects in the resultant product. Most of the distillation products are further converted into useful products by changing the size and structure of the hydrocarbon molecules through cracking, reforming and other conversion processes.

Crude oils are basically classified as naphthenic, paraffinic or aromatic based on the predominant proportion of similar hydrocarbons. Mixed – base crudes have varying amounts of each type of hydrocarbon. Refinery crude base stocks consist mixtures of two or more different crude oils.

Conferences are some of best times to meet and get inspired by scientists & inventors globally.

GASTECH 2018

Gastech exhibition is a unique business platform showcasing services, products and expertise to over 30,000 natural gas, LNG and energy professionals.

Gastech is where the global upstream, midstream, downstream and integrated natural gas, LNG and energy value chain gather to do business.

The Gastech exhibition is where business is made and done. Exhibiting at Gastech provides your company with a unique business platform to showcase your company’s services, products and expertise to over 30,000 natural gas, LNG and energy professionals.

Renowned as the world’s most significant meeting place for upstream, midstream and downstream gas and LNG professionals, where they convene to do business.

The Gastech conference is one of the world’s largest gas, LNG and energy conferences. The strongest programme to date, this four-day multi-streamed programme features 350 speakers and 250 presentations from across the upstream, midstream and downstream value chains.

The Gastech Conference consists of the Plenary Stage, Strategic conference and Technical conference streams, and four Specialist Conferences.

ONS 2018 (Norway)

The theme for ONS 2018: INNOVATE

Every ONS has a theme, reflecting the current issues, challenges and opportunities of the energy industry. The main theme for ONS 2018 is INNOVATE. Continue reading to find out about the reflections made when developing the theme.

There is one thing the entire energy industry has in common: our approach to challenges. No matter what the problem is, we know it is possible to solve it – if we innovate.

The energy industry has a talent for re-inventing itself, over and over again, as an answer to whatever challenge lies ahead. The challenges we face now are complicated. They involve the obligation to deliver energy to the world’s population, but at the same time to protect the planet. They involve new technology, new forms of leadership and new business models. So let’s innovate!

Technology doesn’t just evolve. People innovate.
Finding and producing energy is complex, demanding, expensive and sometimes almost impossible. That is why some oil and gas fields have been left untouched for decades since they were discovered – to give the innovative people of the industry time to overcome the obstacles. By helping technology to evolve. By innovating. Technology development and innovation are part of the energy industry’s DNA.

However, new technologies and trends disrupt most of the world’s industries, and dramatically escalate the pace of change and transition. How will digital industrialisation, robots and automatisation affect the energy industry going forward? Where do opportunities arise in this landscape, and how can suppliers and operators benefit from the new technologies?

Innovate a clean energy world
Making energy cheaper, cleaner and better. It is a challenge that is crying out for technology. Not just new technology, but also developing existing solutions further and using them in new ways. Cost reduction has been one of the big tasks for both traditional and new forms of energy. Giant leaps have been made, but how do we keep cost levels low when the oil price increases again? The renewable and oil and gas industries must both find their place in a common energy system – but how?

The demand for cleaner energy by end users and the global community is already affecting the markets – and the industry is stepping up the game. When will sustainability become the biggest business advantage and how can the oil and gas players stay competitive in the long perspective? How do we create an industry young people will be proud to be a part of in the future?

Shuffle the building blocks of business
We have started collaborating in new ways, across value chains and industries. But it is still possible to innovate more in the way we cooperate. Can sharing more technology speed up the pace of innovation and be an advantage for clean energy solutions? How do we cooperate better and at the same time be competitors in the market?

A rapidly developing energy world is testing the resilience of our business models. Is it time to dismantle the building blocks of business, add some new ones, and create something completely different? Let us innovate.

Stimulate to innovate
In an ever-changing geopolitical landscape, the focus on energy security is stronger than ever, as well as the need to protect the planet. This is not just the responsibility of governments, but lies very much in the hands of private corporations with the power to change the status quo.

We need leaders who are engineers of the future and facilitate a culture of innovation within their companies. New leadership models and strategies are in high demand to tackle a cyclical market and disruptive trends. Do the leaders of today have the tools and authority to make an impact, or are they restricted by demands to deliver profit in the near future?

Everyone has an obligation to contribute
A sustainable and profitable energy industry is what everyone wants and what the world needs. How do we protect the environment and still maintain jobs and competitive businesses? How do we accelerate progress and make a positive impact for the future?